Fruit and Veggies to Feed your Dog
Sometimes dog owners make a mistake when planning dog nutrition. They assume, incorrectly, that all veggies and fruits are good for their dogs. That may, for the most part, be true for humans. However, it’s important to know which fruits and veggies to feed your dog, and which not to feed them.
If you want to prepare raw dog food recipes to improve your dog’s quality of life, you will need to know what fruits and vegetables to include in a primarily meat-based diet. The following vegetable and fruit dog nutrition information is where you will want to start. The compilation below comes from information featured by the American Kennel Club (AKC) on its website. The list covers both unacceptable and acceptable fruits and vegetables.
Fruits and Veggies Not To Feed Your Dog
Let’s begin with the foods, or vegetables and fruits, that do not agree with a dog. The following list should be taped on your refrigerator, so you don’t give your dog the wrong food.
Your dog should never eat avocados. While you can eat this food, it can be toxic to your dog. That is because the skin, leaves, and pit contain an ingredient called persin that leads to diarrhea and vomiting in a dog. While the flesh does not contain as much of the substance, it is still too much for a dog to eat.
With the exception of the flesh around the seed, cherries contain the toxin cyanide, which can prevent your dog from getting enough oxygen. Dogs that eat cherries often exhibit red gums, dilated pupils, or respiratory difficulties – all big signs that your dog has cyanide poisoning.
Both raisins and grapes can be toxic to dog. In fact, don’t allow either of these foods to be in a dog’s reach, as they can trigger acute and sudden kidney failure and death. This is one of the more dangerous fruits for canine pets.
While the ripened fruit of the tomato plant is noted as being safe, the un-ripened plant parts contain solanine, a toxic substance. While your dog would have to consume large amounts of a tomato plant to become sick, it still is better to keep the plant from your pet.
Do not add mushrooms into your dog’s raw dog food recipes either. Wild mushrooms are toxic. While only 50 to 100 of the thousands of mushroom species in the world are toxic, the ones that are poisonous can severely impact your dog’s health and even lead to death. Make it a rule – no fungi for your pet, even if it is from the grocery.
Onions, as well as its relatives, chives and leeks, belong to the Allium family – a family of plants known to be poisonous to most cats and dogs. Eating onions can cause a dog’s red blood cells to break open and can trigger stomach pain, nausea, and vomiting. Onion poisoning is usually the most serious in Japanese dog breeds, such as the Shiba Inu and Akita dogs.
Fruits and Veggies that Should Be Eaten
Dog nutrition can include the following natural foods.
These fruits are great sources of vitamins C and A, including fiber. They contain low amounts of fat and protein, thereby making them a good snack for geriatric dogs. Before you feed apples to your dog, remove the core and seeds. You might freeze them to cool your dog in the summer as well.
If eaten in moderation, bananas are a pleasant low-cal treat for a dog. The fruits contain abundant amounts of potassium, biotin, vitamins, and fiber. The fruits also are low in sodium and cholesterol. Because they have a high sugar content, feed bananas as a treat in your dog nutrition plan. Do not include the fruit in raw dog food recipes.
Rich in antioxidants, blueberries stop cell damage in both dogs and dog owners. They are also full of phytochemicals and fiber. When teaching dog tricks, train your dog to catch blueberries in mid-air. Use them as a low-calorie, nutrition-rich alternatives to store-bought doggy treats.
Filled with nutrients while being low in calories, cantaloupes can be eaten for their fiber and water. Like bananas, give your dog cantaloupes in moderation, as they possess a high sugar content. This is especially true for a dog that is obese or suffers from diabetes.
You can give you dog both dried cranberries and fresh cranberries, as long as you do so in small quantities. Too much of the fruit can lead to stomach upset.
This vegetable-like fruit is also good for dog nutrition. The food is especially good for overweight canines, as it contains little or no fats, carbs, or oils. The energy-boosting food is loaded with vitamins B1, C, and K. Cucumbers also contain copper, magnesium, biotin, and potassium.
The mango, which is a fresh summer treat, can be given to dogs as well. The fruit is packed with vitamins B6, A, E, and C, including beta carotene, alpha-carotene, and potassium. Just make sure you remove the pit of the fruit, which contains cyanide, and can get stuck in a dog’s throat. Any pit in any fruit should be eliminated first.
Peaches, Pears, and Pineapples
Other dog-friendly fruits include oranges (just the flesh), peaches (in small amounts), pears for snacks (as they contain high amounts of copper and vitamins C and K), and pineapple (just the flesh). Pears have been proven to reduce stroke risk by 50%. Also, the bromelain in pineapples enables a dog to absorb the meat protein in its diet.
Raspberries and Strawberries
You can also give your dog moderate amounts, or sweet treats in the form of raspberries and strawberries. Raspberries are good for dogs, as they contain anti-inflammatory substances that add mobility to aging joints. Only give your dog less than a cup of either berry at one setting.
You can also give you dog watermelon, provided you get rid of the rind and seeds. The seeds in watermelons can trigger intestinal blockages, so it is best to choose the seedless variety.
Broccoli and Brussels Sprouts
When it comes to dog nutrition or concocting raw dog food recipes, you can support your dog’s health with veggies, such as broccoli and Brussels sprouts. Just make sure you give broccoli in small quantities. In this case, give the vegetable as a treat as they are excellent fruits and veggies to feed your dog.
Don’t give your dog broccoli florets, as they contain isothiocyanates, which can irritate the gastrointestinal tract. Cut up the stalks to bite sizes, as they can obstruct the esophagus too if given uncut.
Brussels sprouts should also be given sparingly as should cabbage, as too much can lead to stomach distress. Otherwise, the antioxidants are good for both dogs and dog owners.
Carrots and Celery
Carrots support raw dog food recipes, as they are low-calorie and high in beta-carotene If you want to freshen you doggy’s breath, given him celery. Not only is the vegetable filled with vitamins A, B, and C, its nutrients promote better heart health and reduce cancer risk.
You can give your dog green beans steamed, canned, raw, or chopped. They are an excellent supplement to dog nutrition. Dogs can consume all kinds of green beans. If you feed canned green beans to your canine, choose low-salt or no-salt varieties.
Dogs can also eat all kinds of peas, including snow peas, green peas, and sugar snap peas. Peas are rich in fiber and protein. Just make sure you choose fresh or frozen peas, as canned peas are high in sodium.
You can give your dog spinach too. However, don’t give your dog too much of this veggie, as it contains oxalic acid, which can prevent calcium absorption and cause kidney damage.
Keep Your Dog Happy and Healthy
Keep the above list handy for outlining dog nutrition and making raw dog food recipes. There are many fruits and veggies to feed your dog, and many not to. However most fruits and vegetables should used to support the meat protein in a recipe and should not be the primary food in a dog food recipe.