Dog lovers, owners, and enthusiasts share a common interest in terms of providing the utmost care, concern, support, love, time, and attention that their pet dog needs. 

Aside from an owner’s major responsibilities of providing food, water, shelter, and clothing to their so-called “man’s best friend”, it should also be of utmost importance that the certified dog lovers take into great consideration their hefty responsibility for their pet dog, in terms of sexual reproduction.

Sexual reproduction would connote the methodologies of spaying and neutering, wherein these methodologies contribute to the dog’s mating process with a familiar dog in the neighborhood or are owned by a common friend of the owner with whom the dog concerned will regard it as their partners in the long run. 

Realistically, in comparison with other life aspects, and as far as animal welfare and care is concerned, spaying and neutering have its own handful of pros and cons like anything else in the world. 

In this article, we will be taking an in-depth discussion, the pros and cons as well as the benefits and considerations of Spaying and Neutering as methods that can be applied through a dog owner’s pet dogs. 

Let us begin.

A Quick and In-Depth Background on Spaying and Neutering 

Certified and proud dog lovers, owners, and enthusiasts are always trapped in a dilemma, in terms of answering the question which is: “Is it beneficial to spay and neuter my pet dog?” 

It has been proven and tested through time that every pet lover greatly appreciates the innate cuteness of dogs, but nevertheless, there should always be a balance in terms of being a mere dog owner alone, as well as being a responsible dog owner on the side, by discovering the pros and cons of spaying and neutering. 

First and foremost, spaying and neutering are commonly known by veterinarians as methods of sterilization.

Spaying is defined as the procedure that involves the de-sexing of female dogs. De-sexing would incorporate the removal of the female dog’s uterus and ovaries through a medical procedure.

On the other hand, neutering which is simply known by veterinarians as “castration”, is a procedure that involves the de-sexing of male dogs, wherein their testicles are removed through a similar medical procedure.

Now that these two methodologies are explained in a clear and understandable manner, it is best that the benefits of spaying and neutering should be discussed first.

The Pros of Spaying a Female Pet Dog

Below are the three major benefits, advantages, and pros of spaying a female pet dog, wherein a certified dog owner can greatly consider and think about as follows: 

The assurance that the female pet dog will not get pregnant

One of the top benefits of spaying a female pet dog is to devoid it from succumbing to pregnancy. 

Pregnancy on female dogs has its own risks and complications that are associated during the entire period of its beginning until its culmination. 

If dog owners resort to the decision to steer clear from pregnancy, it is best to visit the nearest veterinary clinic to set a scheduled spaying surgery. Also, the female dog owner can be spared and saved from experiencing financial burden, the feeling of hassle, and most importantly, the inevitable stress that dog litters bring in the longer run. 

Reduce risk in different types of cancer

As mentioned above, spaying involves the removal of the ovaries and with this, is also the reduced risk of being prone to cancer.

Evidently, the female dog is also spared from suffering and being diagnosed with breast cancer, with the guaranteed premise that the female dog has undergone spaying before she reaches two years old.

Clean appearance and calm behavior

Another major benefit of spaying a female pet dog is for it to maintain its cleanliness, as well as its behavior that is holistically calm. 

These characteristics will lead the female dog to devoid of experiencing heat, which leads to the detrimental occurrence of bloody discharges which eventually can stain the owner’s carpet, furniture, and sadly, the entire house.

In addition, the innermost desire of the female dog to find a mate or partner will be minimized, which is the aftereffect of spaying, and in the long run, will result in her non-interest in wandering around the neighborhood. 

The Cons of Spaying a Female Pet Dog

Alongside with the benefits and disadvantages of spaying a female pet dog are its cons and disadvantages which will be discussed below.

Weight Gain

Weight gain is the direct and immediate effect of spaying on female pet dogs for the reason that it is highly contributory in the change of hormonal structure and metabolism in the female dog concerned. 

To avoid as much as possible the weight gain on female pet dogs, it is best that dog owners feed their female dog pet with nutritiously right kinds of food, as well as bringing her daily on a walk as a means of regular exercise. 

After and Side Effects of Anesthesia

The dog owner should keep a close eye on their newly-spayed pet dog to see if general anesthesia has adverse effects on its body and health. There will be instances that complications will occur after the spaying procedure.

It is of utmost important that owners be widely attentive to their female pet dog a few days after the medical procedure to address the dog’s needs.

Hemangiosarcoma and other complications

Another major consequence of spaying a female dog is the increased possibility of acquiring specific cancer called Hemangiosarcoma. It is the type of cancer that affect and attacks the female’s dog heart and spleen.

It is essential to take note of the female dog’s hormones produced from her reproductive system

that the female dog’s hormones that are produced from her reproductive system, are highly responsible for providing her protection from garnering the diseases that are relative to this type of cancer.

The Pros of Neutering a Male Pet Dog

After a thorough discussion on the pros and cons of spaying a female pet dog, let us now discuss the counterpart of spaying, which is neutering a male pet dog.

Below are the three major benefits, pros, and advantages of Neutering on male pet dogs which are proven evident by veterinarians and dog owners who opt for their male dogs to undergo the surgery and procedure:

Less Aggression and Reduced Bad Behavior

Dog owners who opt for their male dog to undergo neutering will benefit from the male dog’s minimal display of aggression and negative behavior. Owners are spared from encountering problems that are brought by their pet’s aggressive conduct.

The main reason for the occurrence and drive of sexual desire, aggression and bad behavior in male dogs is the presence of testosterone in their bodies. So with neutering, male dogs are less interested in female mates and are more gentle.

Neutered male dogs are less engaged in marking their so-called territories, making it more convenient for their owners, in terms of cleaning their surroundings and homes.

Less Health Problems

Testicular cancer is one of the major causes of deaths in male pet dogs, but by neutering the male dog, it is assured that this type of cancer is prevented. Other than this, the neutered male pet dog will have a less possibility of obtaining cysts, infections and prostate enlargement.

Helps with Dog Overpopulation

One of the goals of a dog owner should be to contribute to the betterment of their pet dogs, and that includes addressing excessive sexual reproduction, which results in dog overpopulation.

One of the effects of dog overpopulation is the alarming number of stray dogs, and the bad news is not all animal shelters will be able to cater to all of these stray dogs.

IF dog owners opt to have their male pet dogs neutered, the issue of overpopulation and stray dogs will be (hopefully) reduced, addressed, and in the long run, solved.

The Cons of Neutering Male Pet Dogs

After the discussion of the benefits of neutering male dogs, it’s time to tackle its disadvantages. Below is a list of these disadvantages, consequences, and things to ponder before deciding on having the male dog undergo neutering as follows:

Obesity and Hypothyroidism

The procedure of neutering male pet dogs will possibly result in Hypothyroidism, a serious condition in male dogs where there is a detrimental impact on the dog’s hormonal levels, which are located in his endocrine system and thyroid glands.

Intervention is needed once Hypothyroidism occurs in male dogs, as it may lead to obesity in the long run.

Dog Dementia and Bone Problems

Another disadvantage and consequence that neutering brings to male dogs is their increased risk in developing dog dementia in the later part of their life.

Dog dementia entails the male dog’s disorientation and different shifts in interacting with human beings, which is highly noticeable in the eyes of their human owners.

In addition, for male pet dogs who were neutered at a wrong age, they are more prone to the development of bone related problems as well such as ligament problems, hip dysplasia and sadly, the inevitable occurrence of bone cancer.

After and Side Effects of Anesthesia

Both spaying and neutering greatly require the use of general anesthesia and this comes with adverse effects that may bring complications.

It is best that dog owners keep a close eye and attention to their dogs days after the procedure in order to avoid life-threatening complications.

Spaying and neutering have their own pros and cons and dog owners should always think twice before resorting to having their pet dog undergo these procedures.